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2023 Engineering Degree Guide

The field of Engineering will allow you to explore the science behind the amazing gadgets that we use in everyday life. Engineers build bridges, program robots, create waste treatment plans, design alarm clocks, and work with basically anything that moves mechanically. This major will involve advanced classes in math and science, teaching you principles that will allow you to build and operate machines, structures and systems. Not only should you like math and science, but you should also love building and creating things. You have power to improve the world by making new advancements.

There are many majors in this field; General Engineering allows students to master general engineering principles that can be applied in a multitude of fields. Another popular major is Aerospace & Aeronautical Engineering, where students learn the science of flight and spacecraft. In Civil Engineering students learn how to build large and important buildings and structures like roadways and tunnels, while Computer Engineering majors learn to create computer programs and chips. Mechanical Engineering is another popular major where students learn to build and operate mechanical systems and manufacturing equipment.

These are just a few of the most well-known areas, but there are many majors to explore in this field.

Engineering Degrees Decreasing

#7 Most Popular Major
198k Degrees Awarded
-1.0% Increase in Graduates

In 2020-2021, engineering was the 7th most popular major nationwide with 198,468 degrees awarded. This represents a 1.0% reduction in engineering degrees awarded over the prior year's total of 200,458.

Our 2023 Best Engineering Schools ranking analyzes 355 of these schools to determine the best overall colleges for engineering students. Explore this or one of our many other custom engineering rankings further below.

2023 Best Colleges for Engineering
2023 Overall Best Engineering Colleges >

Best Engineering Schools by Degree

Associate Degrees in Engineering
Bachelor's Degrees in Engineering
Master's Degrees in Engineering
Doctorate Degrees in Engineering

Engineering Degree Requirements

There are numerous majors and concentrations in the engineering field allowing for students with many different interests. However, there are certain skills that all students entering this field should have. Engineering programs will involve classes in advanced math and science, including physics and calculus. Be prepared to memorize formulas in order to apply and use them in practical situations.

This major requires a lot of dedication and long hours of study. Dedicated students are rewarded for their persistence with many "aha!" moments. You should be dedicated to the field and not get discouraged easily.

Engineers love to learn through hands-on projects. You will constantly be asked to push boundaries in order to understand and create things in your particular interest area. Many times you will be doing this with a team, so you should be good at working with people. Communication skills are essential to all types of engineers. You need to be able to explain your ideas, but also keep other viewpoints in mind.

Many colleges will require an internship or a co-op job. This will help guide you in a specific direction while allowing firsthand experience in your field. Experience will help make you stand out in order to obtain a job.

Prior Education for an Engineering Program

New students will need to have completed high school or a GED program and each school will have their own minimum GPA and SAT/ACT test requirements. In addition to these basic engineering program qualifications, to serve in some engineering careers, special certification may be required outside of your degree.

Engineering Degree Types

Engineering degree levels vary. You can spend many years getting as high as a in engineering to something that takes less time like a . How long it takes to complete some common engineering degree levels is shown below.

DegreeCredit RequirementsTypical Program Length
Associate Degree60-70 credits2 years
Bachelor’s Degree120 credits4 years
Master’s Degree50-70 credits1-3 years
DoctorateProgram required coursework including thesis or dissertationAt least 4 years

A bachelor's degree is the most common level of education achieved by those in careers related to engineering, with approximately 56.8% of workers getting one. People currently working in careers related to engineering tend obtained the following education levels.

Level of EducationPercentage of Workers
Bachelor’s Degree58.4%
Master’s Degree16.0%
Doctoral Degree5.5%
Associate’s Degree (or other 2-year degree)5.2%
Post-Baccalaureate Certificate3.7%

Most workers in engineering have at least a bachelor's degree. View the chart below to get an idea of what degree level most of those in engineering careers have.


This of course varies depending on which engineering career you choose.

Career Opportunities for Engineering Majors

Above Average Number of Jobs
$68.6k Average Starting Salary
14% Growth Job Outlook 2016-26

This major is vast and there are a lot of different positions available to you depending on your field. You could decide to work specifically with certain materials, such as plastics or metal, or you could work with natural elements as in Forestry Engineering or Ocean Engineering.

By the end of your first year you should decide what interests you most and then specialize in that specific area. Most job fields have plenty of openings, with certain niche areas offering more advancement than others. Work experience will set you apart when applying for a competitive position.

Solid Growth Projected for Engineering Careers

Want a job when you graduate with your engineering degree? Engineering careers are expected to grow 13.6% between 2016 and 2026.

The following options are some of the most in-demand careers related to engineering.

Occupation NameProjected JobsExpected Growth
Software Applications Developers1,086,60030.7%
Systems Software Developers472,10011.1%
Civil Engineers335,70010.6%
Mechanical Engineers314,1008.8%
Industrial Engineers283,0009.7%

Engineering Degree Salary Potential

Recently graduated engineering students earned an average of $68,646 in 2019-2020. Earnings can range from as low as $22,483 to as high as $160,692. As you might expect, salaries for engineering graduates vary depending on the level of education that was acquired.


High Paying Careers for Engineering Majors

Salaries for engineering graduates can vary widely by the occupation you choose as well. The following table shows the top highest paying careers engineering grads often go into.

Occupation NameMedian Average Salary
Petroleum Engineers$156,370
Architectural and Engineering Managers$148,970
Natural Sciences Managers$139,680
Computer Hardware Engineers$117,840

Getting Your Engineering Degree

With over 8,516 different engineering degree programs to choose from, finding the best fit for you can be a challenge. Fortunately you have come to the right place. We have analyzed all of these schools to come up with hundreds of unbiased engineering school rankings to help you with this.

Study Areas in Engineering

Engineering Majors to Study

MajorAnnual Graduates
Mechanical Engineering46,178
Electrical Engineering28,844
Civil Engineering21,388
Computer Engineering17,987
Chemical Engineering12,917

View All Engineering Related Majors >

Related MajorAnnual Graduates
Computer & Information Sciences254,454
Biological & Biomedical Sciences177,778
Engineering Technologies85,188
Mathematics & Statistics52,396
Physical Sciences50,306

View All Engineering Related Majors >


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